Saturday, July 20, 2013

Xenophon

Xenophon, the son of Gryllus, and Athenian citizen was a native of the Attic demus Ercheia.

Xenophon was born about 444 BC. He distinguished himself as a philosopher, a general and an historian. Xenophon came from and aristocratic family and was born a citizen of the cultural center of the Greek world.
He was a good family and moderate estate, and became in youth a pupil of Socrates. Xenophon took down notes of Socrates talk, which he afterward wrote out in Memorabilia of Socrates.

He left Greece after the Peloponnesian War to become one of 10,000 Greek mercenaries in the service of Cyrus the younger against his older brother King Artaxerses II of Persia.

His writings including:
*Anabasis
*Hellenika
*Memorabilia
*Symposium
*Apology
*Kyropaideia
*Agesilaus
*On hunting
Xenophon eventually became the commander of all forces under King Seuthes II of Thrace in fighting against Persia during 400-399.

Sparta gave him land and property in Scillus, where he lived for many years before having to move once more, to settle in Corinth. Xenophon died sometime e after 354 BC.
Xenophon
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